Geographic View :
Morocco is an African country in North Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Morocco is separated from Europe by the Straits of Gibraltar. Its neighboring countries are Algeria to the east (the Algerian border is closed), on the southern Western Sahara (which occupied the most part) and northern Spain, with whom he maintains close ties and shares both land and sea borders (Spanish autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla). There are other Spanish enclaves on the Mediterranean coast (Rock of Alhucemas, Penon de Velez de la Gomera and the islands Chafarinas).
Morocco has a moderate subtropical climate, influenced by the confluence of the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Inside, temperatures are moving in the extreme, very cold in winter and extremely hot in summer. In Marrakech, the average summer temperature is 38 degrees Celsius. In spring, it is about 21 degrees.
In mountainous areas like the Atlas, temperatures can drop below zero degrees, which is why the mountains are capped much of the year. Northern Morocco is very humid and rainy during the winter, while in the Sahara, south of the country, the climate is dry and cold. The average annual temperature in Morocco in its major cities is 22 degrees in Rabat, 20 in Casablanca, 22 in Marrakech, 20 degrees in Fez, Meknes 21 and 20 degrees centigrade average temperature in Tangier.
Neither the capital city nor the most geographically accessible to European tourists, Marrakech has become the preferred time to begin discovering the continent. Tourism in Marrakech had a significant growth in recent years, with the consequent development of hotel infrastructure and services, and now more than two million tourists visit annually.
What are the attractions in Marrakech? To begin, the medina, the historic heart of the city, is the largest and most populous country. Its walls, which gave him the nickname “Red City”, contain the main attractions, such as the vibrant souk which brings centuries artisans from all genres, the bustling Jemaa el Fna, the Koutoubia Mosque and its beautiful minaret , the museums and fine buildings in the traditional Moorish style definitely worth discovering.
But while Marrakech itself is worth the trip to southern Morocco, do not forget you’re in a valley at the foot of the Atlas Mountains and natural landscape surrounding the city are striking. A tour of the village of Ourika valley, and Mount Toubkal National Park and waterfalls of Ouzoud are some of the excursions can be made from Marrakech.
Fes is the Cultural Capital of the country, the oldest of the imperial cities with the Bali Medina declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1981. It is considered the largest medieval pedestrian area that currently exist in the world and the gates and walls around you enhance your magnificence. It is one of the four imperial cities named along to Marrakesh, Meknes and Rabat. Fez in Morocco is considered as the cultural and religious center of the country. Its university, famous for the study of Arabic and the Muslim religion make a point of passage of a large number of Moroccan students. Monuments, buildings and places of interest representative:
- Mosque of El-Qaraouiyyîn
- Batha Palace Museum
- Iranian Madrasa Bou
- Mosque Ech-Cherabliyyîn
- Museum Nejjarine
- El-Attarine Madrasa
- Mosque of the Andalusians
- It’s Madrasa-Sahrij
- North Fort
- Merinid Tombs
- Fez el Bali (the town’s medieval medina)
- Fez el Jedid (the New Medina of Fez)
- The Mellah
Meknes is an Imperial City surrounded by 40 kilometers of walls, is the center of one of the most important agricultural regions of the country. Located north of Morocco at the foot of the Middle Atlas Mountains. Meknes is in the midst of a green valley to the north, about 130 km. Rabat, Morocco’s capital and 65 km. west of Fez. It is connected by motorway A2 to those two cities. While Arabic is the official language of most people living in towns and surrounding areas are of Berber origin. Since 1996, UNESCO has designated Mekens as part of a World Heritage Site, for its representative character of urban and architectural complex of Maghreb capital of the seventeenth century, combining harmoniously design and planning elements of Islamic and European. At just 33 km northwest of the city are the ruins of the Roman city of Volubilis.
Ouarzazate is At the junction of the valleys of Dra and Dades, making it the starting point for various excursions, desert included in the route called the Thousand Kasbahs. It is also a major tourist and craft. It highlights your carpets and ceramics. Nearby is the museum of film and the Kasbah of Taourirt. A few kilometers away is the legendary and famous Kasbah Aït Benhaddou, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 and there have been several famous films on location:
- Lawrence of Arabia (1962) • The Jewel of the Nile (1985)
- Jesus of Nazareth (1977)
- The Living Daylights (1987)
- The Last Temptation of Christ (1988)
- The Sheltering Sky (1990)
- Kundun (1997)
- The Mummy (1999)
- Gladiator (2000)
- Alexander the Great (2004)
Rabat is Morocco’s capital and main administrative center, the largest university in the country, uptown, embassy area and extensive gardens.
Casablanca an Industrial City, a modern, cosmopolitan, broad avenues, big buildings, and the monument of this century: Hassan II Mosque, really impressive.
Agadir is a modern resort, beautiful beaches, hotels, water sports, golf, tennis. Tangier: A 14 km from Europe by sea, beaches, markets, contrasting wide boulevards and La Medina.
Zagora Called “the door of the desert”, it is obligatory to enter the deep south. Its surroundings offer an attractive display of landscapes with palm trees, cultivated fields and ruins of ancient fortresses.
Tinghir is the city that occupies the site of a former military outpost built on terraces. A palm covering his feet and heights are dominated by an impressive Kasbah. From Tinghir can visit the impressive Todra Gorge and Dades.
Erfoud is with more than 50,000 inhabitants, is the largest city near the dunes of Erg Chebbi and has one of the largest oases in Morocco, where each year – in October – is the feast of dates. A mere 20 km, Rissani houses important historical monuments and the ruins of Sijilmassa, legendary medieval city that controlled trans-Saharan main route.